Peer-reviewed academic publications in which Kieskompas data is used:

Imhoff, R., Zimmer, F., Klein, O., António, J. H., Babinska, M., Bangerter, A., ... & Van Prooijen, J. W. (2022). Conspiracy mentality and political orientation across 26 countries. Nature human behaviour, 1-12. DOI:

Van Bavel, J. J., Cichocka, A., Capraro, V., Sjåstad, H., Nezlek, J. B., Pavlović, T., ... & Jørgensen, F. J. (2022). National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic. Nature communications13(1), 1-14. DOI:

Toshkov, D., & Krouwel, A. (2022). Beyond the U-curve: Citizen preferences on European integration in multidimensional political space. European Union Politics. DOI:

Onderco, M., Smetana, M., van der Meer, S., & Etienne, T. (2021) When do the Dutch want to join the nuclear ban treaty? Findings of a public opinion survey in the Netherlands. The Nonproliferation Review. DOI: 10.1080/10736700.2021.1978156

Van Prooijen, J., Etienne, T., Kutiyski, Y., & Krouwel, A. (2021). Just a Flu? Self-perceived Infection Mediates the Link between Conspiracy Beliefs and Covid-19 Health Beliefs and Behaviors. Journal of Health Psychology, 1-11. DOI: 10.1177/13591053211051816

Van Prooijen, J., Etienne, T., Kutiyski, Y., & Krouwel, A. (2021). Conspiracy Beliefs Prospectively Predict Health Behavior and Well-being during a Pandemic. Psychological Medicine, 1-25. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721004438

Smetana, M., Onderco, M., & Etienne, T. (2021). Do Germany and the Netherlands want to say goodbye to US nuclear weapons?, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 77:4, 215-221, DOI: 10.1080/00963402.2021.1941603

Rutjens, B. T., Sengupta, N., Der Lee, R. V., van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Martens, J. P., Rabelo, A., & Sutton, R. M. (2021). Science skepticism across 24 countries. Social Psychological and Personality Science, in press.

Snel, E., de Boom, J., van Bochove, M., & Engbersen, G. (2021). Sociaal kapitaal als bescherming tegen de mentale gevolgen van COVID-19. Mens & Maatschappij, 96(2), 213-241.

Kutiyski, Y., Krouwel, A., & van Prooijen, J. W. (2021). Political extremism and distrust: Does radical political orientation predict political distrust and negative attitudes towards European integration?. The Social Science Journal, 58(1), 1-16.

Ellenbroek, V., Meijers, M. J., & Krouwel, A. (2021). Beyond the dichotomous vote: Can expressive ballots increase ideological congruence and decrease parliamentary polarization?. Government and Opposition, 56(3), 427-445.

Costello, R., Toshkov, D., Bos, B., & Krouwel, A. (2021). Congruence between voters and parties: The role of party‐level issue salience. European journal of political research, 60(1), 92-113.

Reiljan, A., Kutiyski, Y., & Krouwel, A. (2020). Mapping parties in a multidimensional European political space: a comparative study of the EUvox and euandi party position data sets. Party Politics, 26(5), 651-663.

Zwicker, M. V., van Prooijen, J. W., & Krouwel, A. P. (2020). Persistent beliefs: Political extremism predicts ideological stability over time. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 23(8), 1137-1149.

Otjes, S., & Krouwel, A. (2019). Why do newcomers vote for a newcomer? Support for an immigrant party. Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 45(7), 1148-1167.

Van de Pol, J., Kamoen, N., Krouwel, A., De Vreese, C., & Holleman, B. (2019). Same but different: A typology of Voting Advice Application users in first-and second-order elections. Acta Politica, 54(2), 225-244.

Kamoen, N., Van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A., de Vreese, C., & Holleman, B. (2019). Issue framing in online voting advice applications: The effect of left-wing and right-wing headers on reported attitudes. PloS one, 14(2), e0212555.

Kleinnijenhuis, J., van de Pol, J., van Hoof, A. M., & Krouwel, A. P. (2019). Genuine effects of vote advice applications on party choice: Filtering out factors that affect both the advice obtained and the vote. Party Politics, 25(3), 291-302.

Kamoen, N., Van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A., De Vreese, C., & Holleman, B. C. (2018). “I don’t know”: The effects of question polarity on ‘no opinion’ answers. Survey Practice, 11(2).

Van Prooijen, J. W., Krouwel, A. P., & Emmer, J. (2018). Ideological responses to the EU refugee crisis: The left, the right, and the extremes. Social psychological and personality science, 9(2), 143-150.

Otjes, S., & Krouwel, A. (2018). Old voters on new dimensions: Why do voters vote for pensioners’ parties? The case of the Netherlands. Journal of aging & social policy, 30(1), 24-47.

Van Prooijen, J. W., Staman, J., & Krouwel, A. P. (2018). Increased conspiracy beliefs among ethnic and Muslim minorities. Applied cognitive psychology, 32(5), 661-667.

Van Prooijen, J. W., & Krouwel, A. P. (2017). Extreme political beliefs predict dogmatic intolerance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8(3), 292-300.

Antonucci, L., Horvath, L., Kutiyski, Y., & Krouwel, A. (2017). The malaise of the squeezed middle: Challenging the narrative of the ‘left behind’ Brexiter. Competition & Change, 21(3), 211-229.

Krouwel, A., & Kutiyski, Y. (2017). Soft sceptics and hard rejectionists: Identifying two types of Eurosceptic voters. In The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism (pp. 189-203). Routledge.

Thomeczek, P., Switek, N., & Krouwel, A. P. M. (2017). Die Vermessung der Parteienlandschaft vor der Bundestagswahl 2017 mit dem Bundeswahlkompass.

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., Van Prooijen, J. W., Martinsson, J., & Markstedt, E. (2017). Does extreme political ideology predict conspiracy beliefs, economic evaluations and political trust? Evidence from Sweden. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 5(2), 435-462.

Holleman, B., Kamoen, N., Krouwel, A., Pol, J. V. D., & Vreese, C. D. (2016). Positive vs. negative: The impact of question polarity in voting advice applications. PloS one, 11(10), e0164184.

Van Prooijen, J. W., Krouwel, A. P., & Pollet, T. V. (2015). Political extremism predicts belief in conspiracy theories. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(5), 570-578.

Otjes, S., & Krouwel, A. (2015). Two shades of Green? The electorates of GreenLeft and the Party for the Animals. Environmental Politics, 24(6), 991-1013.

Van Prooijen, J. W., Krouwel, A. P., Boiten, M., & Eendebak, L. (2015). Fear among the extremes: How political ideology predicts negative emotions and outgroup derogation. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 41(4), 485-497.

Fazekas, Z., Wall, M. T., & Krouwel, A. (2014). Is it what you say, or how you say it? An experimental analysis of the effects of invitation wording for online panel surveys. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 26(2), 235-244.

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., Brack, N., & Wolfs, W. (2014). Het electorale succes van het euroscepticisme. Res Publica, 56(3), 385-401.

Kutiyski, Y. K., & Krouwel, A. (2014). Narrowing the gap: Explaining the increasing competitiveness of the Venezuelan opposition. Latin American Politics and Society, 56(4), 71-97.

Wall, M., Krouwel, A., & Vitiello, T. (2014). Do voters follow the recommendations of voter advice application websites? A study of the effects of on its users’ vote choices in the 2010 Dutch legislative elections. Party Politics, 20(3), 416-428.

Bale, T., Green-Pedersen, C., Krouwel, A., Luther, K. R., & Sitter, N. (2010). If you can't beat them, join them? Explaining social democratic responses to the challenge from the populist radical right in Western Europe. Political studies, 58(3), 410-426.

Other academic publications:

Blanken, W., Etienne, T., Van Heck, L., Krouwel, A. & van Lindert, J. (2021). Voorgenomen samenvoeging van Scherpenzeel en Barneveld: Wat inwoners vinden van de voorgenomen samenvoeging en het herindelingsontwerpKieskompas: Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Teperoglou, E., Katsanidou, A., Rori, L., Dinas, E., Lefkofridi, Z., Eleftheriou, C., Kordas, G. Kutiyski, Y., & A. Krouwel (2021) Political parties of Greece – a map of the political landscape. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung: Athens, Greece.

Krouwel, A., & van Prooijen, J. W. (2021). The New European Order? Euroscepticism and conspiracy belief. In Europe: Continent of Conspiracies (pp. 22-35). Routledge.

Onderco, M., & Wagner, W. (2021). Has Covid-19 turned the Dutch into critics of globalisation?. LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) blog.

Blanken, W., Etienne, T., Van Heck, L., Krouwel, A. & van Lindert, J. (2020). Onderzoek naar de bestuurlijke toekomst van Scherpenzeel en Barneveld: Wat vinden de inwoners van Scherpenzeel en Barneveld belangrijk in hun dorp en wat verwachten ze in de toekomst van hun gemeente? Kieskompas: Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Engbersen, G., van Bochove, M., de Boom, J., Burgers, J., Etienne, T., Krouwel, A., van Lindert, J., Rusinovic, K., Snel, E., van Wensveen, P. & Wentink, T. (2020). De Verdeelde Samenleving: De maatschappelijke impact van COVID-19 in Amsterdam, Den Haag, Rotterdam & Nederland. Kenniswerkplaats Leefbare Wijken: Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Infographic hier.

Etienne, T., Pasquier, A., Kutiyski, Y., van Heck, L., & Krouwel, A. (2020). Who decides the election: a study of decisive voter groups considering a Biden vote.

Engbersen, G., van Bochove, M., de Boom, J., Burgers, J., Etienne, T., Krouwel, A., van Lindert, J., Rusinovic, K., Snel, E., Weltevrede, A., & others. (2020). De Heropening van de Samenleving: De maatschappelijke impact van COVID-19 in Amsterdam, Den Haag, Rotterdam & Nederland.

Krouwel, A., Etienne, T., van Lindert, J., Bos, K. & Kutiyski, Y. (2020). Impact van het coronavirus (COVID-19) op de vrijetijdseconomie in Overijssel.

Krouwel, A., van Lindert, J., Etienne, T., Kutiyski, Y., Van Heck, L. & Bos, K. (2020). Impact van het coronavirus (COVID-19) op het sociale welzijn van Gelderlanders.

Pasquier, A., Etienne, T., Kutiyski, Y., & Krouwel, A. (2020). Wer Will Was? Die politischen Positionen der Kandidat_innen bei den Vorwahlen der US-Demokraten. (Internationale Politikanalyse). Internationale Politikanalyse Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Een analyse van de politieke posities van de kandidaten die meededen aan de voorverkiezingen van de Democratische Partij (VS).

Engbersen, G., van Bochove, M., de Boom, J., Burgers, J., Custers, G., Erdem, Ö., Krouwel, A., van Lindert, J., Snel, E., van Toorn, M., van Wensveen, T. & Wentink, T. (2020). De bedreigde stad: de maatschappelijke impact van Covid-19 op Rotterdam. Rotterdam: Kenniswerkplaats Leefbare Wijken.

Kamoen, N., Liebrecht, C., Mekel, P., & van Limpt, S. (2020). Stemhulp-chatbots: Politieke informatie op maat. Tekstblad, 26(4), 12-15.

Bos, B., Toshkov, D., & Krouwel, A. Issue Salience and Congruence Between Voters and Parties in The Netherlands.

Gjoneska, B., Fidanovski, K., & Krouwel, A. (2020). North Macedonia goes global: Pro-EU aspiration and anti-EU sentiment as a basis for EU-related conspiracy theories. In Conspiracy Theories in Eastern Europe (pp. 250-267). Routledge.

Trouw. (2019). Complotten? Kiezers van FvD, PVV en 50Plus zweren erbij & Aliens op een luchtmachtbasis in VS? Niet alle Nederlanders vinden dat onzin & De aarde is plat, maar dat mogen we niet weten

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., Philipp, O., & Schildberg, A. (2019). Macronism, Corbynism...Huh?. Electoral Strategies of Progressive Political Parties in Europe.

Vermeulen, F., Otjes, S. and Krouwel, A. (2018). De DENK-stemmer: progressief én conservatief? Stuk Rood Vlees, January 22, 2018.

Krouwel, A. P. M., van Lindert, J., Kutiyski, Y., & Pupovac, D. (2018).Typen niet-stemmers: Onderzoek naar verschillende typen niet-stemmers en hun beweegredenen om sommige verkiezingen wel en andere niet te gaan stemmen.

Party of European Socialists. (2018). Red vote toolbox, mapping the opinions of social democratic voters across the EU.

Vereniging Eigen Huis. (2018). Rapportage Vereniging Eigen Huis, een onderzoek naar de meningen van politieke bestuurders en huiseigenaren met betrekking tot bewonersinvloed, energietransitie, klimaatbeleid en woningbouwopgave.

Otjes, S., & Krouwel, A. (2017). De Grijze Revolte: 50Plus-stemmers in beeld. Geron, 19(4), 48-51.

Antonucci, L., Horvath, L., & Krouwel, A. (2017). Brexit was not the voice of the working class nor of the uneducated-it was of the squeezed middle. LSE Brexit.

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., & Beck II, P. (2016). In the lead up to the 2016 election, we can clearly see significant polarization between Republican and Democratic candidates across a variety of issues. Impact of American Politics & Policy Blog.

Kleinnijenhuis, J., & Krouwel, A. (2016). Dimensionality of the European issue space. In Political Representation (pp. 113-130). Routledge.

Van Prooijen, J. W., & Krouwel, A. P. (2015). Mutual suspicion at the political extremes: How ideology predicts belief in conspiracy theories. In The psychology of conspiracy (pp. 97-116). Routledge.

Krouwel, A., Eckert, T., & Kutiyski, Y. (2013). The polarisation of the German party system in the 2013 elections and the disappearance of the FDP explain the country’s tortuous coalition negotiations. LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog.


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